Washing 101

1. How do I wash correctly?

If something is to turn out well, then the right preparation is often already decisive for the final result. This is about what has to happen before the actual washing process, namely sorting, preparing the textiles and filling the washing machine.


In order to care for the clothes with the appropriate detergent and the optimum washing temperature, it is advisable to pre-sort the laundry. To do this, place textiles of the same color and fabric together: whites with whites, colors with colors, wool with wool. Black and dark fabrics (e.g. jeans) belong together, as do sports and functional textiles.


While you are sorting the laundry, any pockets should be checked and emptied to be on the safe side. Please close zippers and turn delicate textiles made of delicate fabrics or with appliqués and prints inside out.


Give the fabrics room and do not fill the washing machine drum completely. Fabrics that are too close together rub against each other during the washing process, which can lead to rough fabric surfaces and the formation of knots. The finer the fabrics, the more space should be left above the laundry towards the edge of the drum.


As individual as we ourselves are, so are the demands of textiles for gentle treatment. To ensure that our favorite laundry stays as beautiful as possible for as long as possible, the following section deals with the choice of detergent, the correct dosage and the appropriate washing temperature.


Delicate detergents are suitable for all easy-care and fine textiles. A special color protection in color and black detergents preserves the glow of your favorite colored laundry and reduces premature fading. Wool, silk and down should be cared for with gentle special detergents. Modern functional clothing requires a detergent formulation that preserves the breathing function of the fabrics and eliminates unpleasant odors.


Each detergent has dosage recommendations on the packaging that are adapted to the different degree of soiling of the laundry and different water hardnesses. These recommendations are intended to help achieve optimum washing results with as little detergent as possible.


A look at the care labels of the textiles provides information about the maximum washing temperature. Of course, lower temperatures are permitted, especially if the laundry is only lightly soiled. The lower the temperature, the less energy is needed and the better this is for the environment.


Textiles with organic components, such as wool, natural silk and down, should be cared for with special detergents, just like modern functional fabrics. The final step in gentle laundry care is drying and ironing. You will also find tips on this at this point.


Cuddly wool sweaters, shimmering silk blouses and light down jackets can - as far as the care label allows - be cared for by yourself with enzyme-free special detergents. The use of laundry nets (each garment gets its own net) reduces the roughening of the fibers (cold wash or wool wash program). Washing by hand is particularly gentle.


Functional, sports and outdoor textiles are characterized by good breathability.

In order to preserve this gently, while at the same time offering hygienic freshness and cleanliness, special functional detergents with membrane protection and freshness factor should be used.


If possible, take the laundry out of the machine immediately after washing. This will prevent unpleasant odors from developing, the textiles will not wrinkle as much and the subsequent ironing will be faster. If you want to protect laundry and the environment in equal measure, do not use a tumble dryer. If the dryer is used, then it is recommended to look at the care label in the textiles. Dots in the dryer symbol indicate how hot drying is allowed (the more dots, the hotter). If the dryer symbol is crossed out, the garment must not be put in the dryer.

4. Understanding Washing Symbols

If you love your textiles, you listen to them or see what they have to say. Almost every textile provides a care label, which is printed or sewn into a seam. Here the manufacturer has not only deposited his address, but also explained in sign language how to care for the laundry. The symbols are internationally standardized. You can find out what they actually mean in our small symbol lexicon:

Machine wash garment at no more than the indicated temperature. The lines under the washing symbol indicate the program to be used. No line: cotton program (maximum drum rotation).

One line: Synthetic program (moderate drum rotation). Two lines: Wool program (minimum drum rotation).

Wash garment by hand only. Rinse normally and dry carefully.

Do not wash garment (do not machine wash).

Do not dry garment in dryer.

Do not iron garment.

Iron garment at the following temperatures (the dots correspond to the dots on the iron). One point: do not iron hot (110 °C); for acrylic fibers, nylon and acetate fabrics. Two points: moderate hot ironing (150 °C); for polyester and wool. Three points: hot ironing (200 °C); for cotton and linen.

Dry cleaning only. For special dry cleaning, a letter indicates the type of cleaning. Your dry cleaner knows the meaning of this and other laundry symbols.

Do not dry clean garment.